Medical Treatment in Germany

treatment in Germany

We are health care facilitators residing in Germany and Nigeria, passionate about medicine, medical innovations and effective care. We facilitate medical treatment in Germany.

Our aim is to make affordable, high-quality medical care easily accessible to you.

We facilitate medical services at accredited centres of excellence:
– Heart disease centres and cardia catheter labs
– Fertility treatment centres
– Obesity and weight loss treatment centres
– Cancer treatment centres
– Surgical treatment centres
– Thyroid and Parathyroid gland treatment centres
– Prostate treatment centres
– Interdisciplinary Pelvic Floor Centres with
– Urogynecology
– Urology
– Coloproctology
– Neurology
– Physiotherapy
– Rehabilitation / Recovery Centres

For more information on medical tourism or medical treatment in Germany, contact us.

What You Need to Know about Hemophilia

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Hemophilia Facts – What You Need to Know about Hemophilia

April 17 was World Hemophilia Day and Health4Nigeria and Medical Treatment in Germany were present at the hemophilia public lecture in LUTH organized by Hemophilia Foundation of Nigeria at LUTH, Lagos. There is so much to know about hemophilia and we have compiled this article to keep you informed, so you can be aware.

What is Hemophilia

Hemophilia Facts - What You Need to Know about Hemophilia

Hemophilia is a deficiency in which your blood doesn’t clot normally because blood clotting proteins, called clotting factors are deficient in the blood. People with hemophilia bleed for a longer time after an injury than they would because their blood does not clot normally like it should after an injury or a cut.

Hemophilia impairs the body’s ability to control bleeding. Treatment includes regular replacement of the specific clotting factor that is reduced.

Bleeding can be external (visible) or internal (where it is not seen).

The main concern about hemophilia is deep internal bleeding, especially in the ankles, elbows and knees. If unattended to, it can damage one’s organs and can be life-threatening.

There are two major kinds of hemophilia: hemophilia A and hemophilia B.

Hemophilia can also be mild, moderate, or severe, based on the amount of the clotting factor in the blood:

A person with severe hemophilia is at risk for bleeding problems much more often while a person with mild hemophilia may bleed too much only once in a while.

What is the difference between hemophilia A and hemophilia B?

The most common type of hemophilia is called hemophilia A. This means the person does not have enough clotting factor VIII (factor eight). A less common type is hemophilia B. This person does not have enough clotting factor IX (factor nine).

The result is the same for people with hemophilia A and B: they both bleed for a longer time than normal.

How serious is hemophilia?

The severity of hemophilia depends on the amount of factor VIII or factor IX in the blood. There are three levels of severity: mild, moderate, and severe. People with severe hemophilia usually bleed frequently into their muscles or joints. They may bleed one to two times per week. Bleeding is often spontaneous, which means it happens for no obvious reason.

People with moderate hemophilia bleed less often, usually after an injury. Cases of hemophilia vary, however, and a person with moderate hemophilia can bleed spontaneously.

People with mild hemophilia usually bleed only as a result of surgery or major injury.

Diagnosis

Hemophilia is diagnosed by taking a blood sample and measuring the level of factor activity in the blood. Hemophilia A is diagnosed by testing the level of factor VIII coagulation activity in the blood. Hemophilia B is diagnosed by measuring the level of factor IX activity. Some bleeds can be life-threatening and require immediate treatment.

Precautions

A list of medications that can interfere with bleeding. People with hemophilia should not take aspirin (ASA or acetylsalicyclic acid), or anything containing aspirin, as well as other NSAIDs, because they interfere with the stickiness of platelets and can make bleeding problems worse. They should also avoid rigorous sports that can incur injuries and deed wounds.

Is there a cure for hemophilia?

There is no cure for hemophilia. Gene therapy remains an exciting possibility and holds out the prospect of a partial or complete cure. There are many technical obstacles to overcome, but research currently underway is encouraging. Technically, a liver transplant can cure hemophilia, since coagulation factors are produced by cells inside the liver. However, the risks of surgery and the requirement for lifelong medication to prevent rejection of the transplanted organ may outweigh the benefits.

Symptoms

Hemophilia Facts - What You Need to Know about Hemophilia

Signs and symptoms vary, depending on the level of clotting factors. If your clotting-factor level is deficient, you may experience spontaneous bleeding. Signs and symptoms of spontaneous bleeding include:

  • Pain, swelling or tightness in your joints
  • Blood in your urine or stool
  • Nosebleeds without a known cause
  • Unexplained and excessive bleeding from cuts or injuries, or after surgery or dental work
  • Many large or deep bruises
  • Unusual bleeding after vaccinations
  • In infants, unexplained irritability
  • Bleeding into the brain

A simple bump on the head can cause bleeding into the brain for some people who have severe hemophilia. This rarely happens, but it’s one of the most serious complications that can occur. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Painful, prolonged headache
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Sleepiness or lethargy
  • Double vision
  • Sudden weakness or clumsiness
  • Convulsions or seizures

Seek emergency care or see the doctor if you notice any of these symptoms in you or your child.

Signs and Symptoms in children

Symptoms of hemophilia vary, depending on the amount of clotting factor a person has and the location of the bleeding.

External bleeding is easy to notice. A child may bleed more than usual after scraping the knee, getting a paper cut, losing a tooth (or having one removed), or biting down on the lips or tongue. Nosebleeds may last a while.

Internal bleeding is harder to identify if you don’t know the signs. These include bruising (especially bruising with swelling), redness, or tenderness in an area, especially a muscle or joint (like the knee). Kids with hemophilia usually can tell when internal bleeding is happening. They often describe a “bubbly” feeling in an area like a joint. The area also may feel achy, stiff, or warm to the touch.

Babies with hemophilia can’t say how they feel, but they do give signs. Once they begin crawling and cruising, parents may notice raised bruises on the stomach, chest, buttocks, and back. A baby also may be fussy and not want to reach for a cup, walk, or crawl.

Causes of Hemophilia

The body naturally protects itself when there’s an injury. It pools sticky blood cells called platelets go to where the bleeding is and these form a clot to stop the bleeding. The clotting process is facilitated by certain proteins called blood factors. It is a deficiency in one of these factors that causes hemophilia.

Complications

Complications of hemophilia may include: internal bleeding, infection, joint damage, etc.

Managing Hemophilia

Hemophilia is a lifelong condition with no cure other than liver transplantation, a procedure that can sometimes cause health problems more serious than hemophilia itself.

But hemophilia can be successfully managed by knowing when and how to treat a bleeding episode, and getting regular treatments that replace the missing clotting factor.

Factor Replacement Therapy

Factor replacement therapy helps blood to clot and prevents long-term joint damage due to bleeding. It can be given while a bleeding episode is happening to promote clotting, or in regularly scheduled treatments to keep the blood healthy.

Treating an External Bleed (in Children)

In most kids with hemophilia, everyday cuts and scrapes can be treated with common first aid measures. The important thing is to give treatment right away (which may include giving a treatment of clotting factor therapy, if needed). Keep all necessary items handy (like a first aid kit) at school, home, and in the car. Also, make sure that all caregivers know what to do in an emergency.

For small (superficial) cuts and scrapes, rinse the cut or wound with water and apply pressure with sterile gauze, a bandage, or a clean cloth. If the bleeding does not stop, your child may need a treatment of factor replacement therapy. If you cannot give it, take your child to the doctor’s office or hospital right away for treatment.

Severe cuts usually require a treatment of factor replacement therapy. If the cut is severe and you can’t get your child to a hospital right away or must wait for an ambulance, do the following:

Rinse the cut or wound with water and apply pressure with sterile gauze, a bandage, or a clean cloth.

If blood soaks through the bandage, place another bandage over the first and keep applying pressure.

Raise the injured body part to slow bleeding.

When bleeding stops, cover the wound with a new, clean bandage.

Your child may bleed more in some situations than in others, especially when certain areas of the body are affected. Ask your doctor about these situations so that you know what to expect and can be prepared.

Treating an Internal Bleed

Internal bleeding must be treated promptly with factor replacement therapy. Prolonged bleeding can cause serious health problems. For example, a buildup of blood in the joints can wear down the smooth surfaces that allow limbs to bend easily. As the surfaces roughen, irritation and the number of bleeds can increase. This cycle can lead to chronic joint damage that may require surgery to remove the damaged joint tissue.

Learn the signs of an internal bleed, and ask your doctor what to look for. An older child should be encouraged to always tell you when he or she senses a bleed — the sooner it is discovered, the quicker your child can get treatment.

If your child has an internal bleed, give factor replacement therapy treatment if you’ve been instructed to do so by your doctor, or go to the hospital. Doctors recommend splinting the affected area for a short period of time and then applying ice to ease inflammation, promote clotting, and relieve pain.

Preventing Bleeding Problems

Parents can help kids with hemophilia prevent problems by encouraging healthy behaviors, including:

Regular exercise. Exercise can strengthen muscles and help decrease bleeding from injuries. Swimming is a great sport for kids with hemophilia because it exercises all the muscle groups without putting stress on the joints.

Keeping a healthy weight. Extra weight can strain parts of the body and increase bleeding risks. If your child is overweight, speak to your doctor for advice on weight management.

Caring for the teeth. Make sure that your child is brushing his or her teeth twice a day, flossing regularly, and drinking fluoridated water to keep the teeth as healthy as possible. This will make it less likely for the gums to bleed or for your child to need dental surgery. Routine cleanings can sometimes cause bleeding. Find a dentist who has experience with patients who have hemophilia and who knows how to handle bleeding if it happens.

To help prevent bleeding problems, doctors use caution when treating children with hemophilia. For example, when giving immunization shots that are normally given in the muscle, doctors instead inject the shots into a deep area under the skin called the subcutaneous tissue. It’s important to remember that kids with hemophilia need all recommended vaccines.

Many patients with severe hemophilia prevent “bleeds” with regular clotting factor infusions (usually two or three times per week). Some young children get a central venous catheter (a hollow, soft tube) inserted surgically into a vein, which lets them get clotting factors without pain.

When to Call the Doctor

Certain bleeds need medical attention. If your child develops a swollen joint, this could be a sign of bleeding in the joint, so call the doctor right away. Also, if your child gets hurt or you suspect your child has bleeding or bruising anywhere on the body, call the doctor.

If your child has a central venous line and develops a fever, call the doctor right away. This could be a sign of a central line infection.

Go to the emergency room if your child has:

  • an injury to the head, neck, belly, or back
  • bleeding that is not stopping
  • severe belly pain or difficulty moving
  • red or tea-colored urine
  • bloody or black poop
  • If the bleed requires going to the emergency room, make sure your child is treated at a hospital that has experience treating hemophilia.

Hemophilia Myths and Facts

 

Like for breast cancer and other ailments, there are myths around hemophilia. It’s important to note these myths and what the actual facts are, so you can better understand hemophilia and how to deal with it.

 

Hemophilia is the same for all patients

Hemophilia is not the same for all patients. People can have hemophilia A, which is defined by low levels of clotting factor VIII (8), or hemophilia B, defined by low levels of clotting factor IX (9). The severity of the disease can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe.

People with hemophilia can’t do sports or even  live normal lives

Some people with hemophilia avoid exercise and sports because they think it may trigger bleeding, but exercise can actually help prevent them. Strong muscles help protect someone who has hemophilia from spontaneous bleeds and joint damage. Sport is also important but weigh the risks before engaging in one. Some sports are riskier than others and highly not recommended, e.g. boxing, rugby, etc. With proper treatment, most people with hemophilia lead long, full, and productive lives.

A person with hemophilia will bleed to death even from a minor cut

It’s true that people with hemophilia bleed longer because their blood lacks or has little clotting factors but this does not necessarily mean they will bleed to death. Cases of minor cut will usually heal on their own.

Hemophilia causes aids

Hemophilia doesn’t cause HIV/AIDS.

All cases of hemophilia is genetic or hereditary

Hemophilia is caused by several factors and not all cases of hemophilia is hereditary.

Only males have hemophilia

While many people assume hemophilia affects only males, females who are carriers can also suffer from bleeding symptoms. Though extremely rare, a daughter who is born to a father with hemophilia and a mother who is a carrier can inherit the severe form of the disease.

Children with hemophilia will grow out of it

Hemophilia is a lifelong condition, a bleeding disorder caused by the absence of an essential blood clotting protein that has no cure. Children do not just grow out of it.

 

What You Need to Know about Glaucoma – Causes, Prevention and Treatment

What you need to know about Glaucoma

What You Need to Know About Glaucoma

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an often painless but serious condition that damages the optic nerve and can result in blindness. However, with early detection and treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.

Glaucoma is caused by an intrinsic deterioration of the optic nerve, which leads to high fluid pressure on the front part of the eye.

The level of pressure your optic nerve can tolerate without being damaged determines if you will be infected with glaucoma or not. People with increased eye pressure are more prone to getting glaucoma. This type of glaucoma is called normal-tension glaucoma. It is a type of open-angle glaucoma.

Unfortunately, glaucoma has no obvious signs and causes no pain, so patients can have it for long without even knowing. Once damage to your eyesight has occurred, it cannot be reversed.

Glaucoma can deteriorate to blindness if it is not treated, in fact, it is the leading cause of blindness in the world but with early diagnosis, it can be treated to slow its progression thereby preventing vision loss.

Risk Factors for Glaucoma

Glaucoma can affect people of any age, from infants to adults.  Although anyone can develop glaucoma, certain people are at higher risk than orders. The risk factors include:

  • A family history of glaucoma
  • Experiencing high eye pressure
  • African, Hispanic, or Asian heritage
  • Thin corneas (the clear layer at the front of the eye)
  • Nearsightedness or farsightedness
  • Age condition (40 or above)
  • Previous eye injuries
  • Steroid medication use

For some people with certain combinations of these risk factors, medicines in the form of eye drops can reduce the risk of developing glaucoma by about half.

You should get a thorough eye examination if you have a family history of glaucoma and are above 40, then you can schedule for subsequent check-ups.

Types of Glaucoma

There are two types of glaucoma: open-angle and closed-angle glaucoma.

Open-angle glaucoma is the most prevalent type of glaucoma. It occurs when the eye’s ability to drain fluid slows down (similar to a clogged drain.) This causes increased pressure in the eye, which in turn impairs the optic nerve. Unlike the next type of glaucoma that we’ll discuss, open-angle glaucoma is painless and causes no immediate change to your vision.

In open-angle glaucoma, even though the drainage angle is “open”, the fluid passes too slowly through the meshwork drain. Since the fluid builds up, the pressure inside the eye rises to a level that may damage the optic nerve. When the optic nerve is damaged from increased pressure, open-angle glaucoma and vision loss—may result. That’s why controlling pressure inside the eye is important.

Closed-angle glaucoma is less common, however just as dangerous. This occurs when the iris blocks the eye’s drainage angle. Although one can develop closed-angle glaucoma gradually, it is not apparent until he or she experiences a severe attack. When the iris fully covers the drainage angle, a person will experience blurry vision, headaches, nausea, and severe eye pain. In this instance, it’s very important to seek immediate medical attention.

Glaucoma Symptoms

Most people with glaucoma have no early signs or pain. You need to visit your eye doctor regularly for proper diagnosis and treatment to prevent it from deteriorating to blindness or vision loss.

There are ways to prevent glaucoma symptoms and its progression. If you take the right steps, you can prevent blindness or severe loss of vision.

Medical Treatment for Glaucoma

Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total blindness overtime.

In Germany well renown for medical tourism, Glaucoma is treated at an affordable price, with your safety and treatment success as the utmost concern of the medical team.

There are various Glaucoma specialty hospitals with well-trained patient-friendly ophthalmologists in Germany.

We have access to these accredited centres and other details you may require like the doctors’ success rate with glaucoma treatment, etc.

Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma is very important in order to avoid blindness and loss of vision, so take a step today.

Before you begin glaucoma treatment, be sure to tell our team about other medicines and supplements you have been taking to avoid interference with your treatment.

Treatment types vary from laser surgeries to other types of surgery. Contact us for treatment. Take care of your eye, take charge of your vision, take charge of your life.

Talk to us today!

08164776393 or contact@medical-treatment-in-germany.com

What You Need to Know about Cancer

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What is Cancer

Wondering what cancer is really is? Here is what you need to know about cancer. Cancer is one of the most dreaded diseases on earth. It is the number one killer in underdeveloped countries and the number two killer in developed countries.

Though cancer was once referred to as a “wasting disease,” it’s actually the result of abnormal cells that multiply and spread out of control, damaging healthy cells along the way. Most cancers result in tumors but those that affect the blood do not.

Men and women are different and that includes the types of cancers they can get. There are certain cancers only men get and there are certain cancers only women get. There are certain cancers which plague women more than men and vice versa. It’s important to know which cancers you should be concerned about.

Cancers only women get

The cancers that only women get are gynecological cancers – which of course are cancers which start in places like the cervix, uterus, vagina, vulva, ovaries, and sometimes the fallopian tubes (very rare). It goes without saying that these cancers are only found in women because women are the only ones with these parts.

As for breast cancer, while there is a myth that only women get breast cancer, that is just what it is, a myth. Men also get breast cancer.

Across the board (male or female), lung cancer remains the top killing cancer amongst patients. Oddly enough it’s the easiest to prevent getting. It is estimated that 87%-90% of all lung cancer deaths are related to smoking. It seems simply enough – if you stop smoking, you decrease your chances of dying from lung cancer.

Because lung cancer doesn’t have a reliable early detection test like breast cancer does, it’s hard to diagnose early. This is why more people die of lung cancer; once you begin showing signs you are already so far into the progression of the disease that saving you from lung cancer is much more difficult.

 

Where does cancer occur?

Cancer can occur in any part of your body.

Who gets cancer?

Anybody can be infected with cancer at any age but the risk is higher as one gets older. Cancer can also be found in people of all racial and ethnic groups.

Older people are more prone to cancer because as people get older, they accumulate more changes in their DNA which means an increased likelihood of cancer. Their immune system may also not be strong enough to fight cancer.

What causes cancer?

Certain changes in the human body and cells are responsible for cancer infection. Some of them are self or environment induced.

Cancers are usually caused by people’s actions, lifestyle and the things they expose themselves to. For example smoking, drinking and expositing one’s self can increase chances of cancer throat, lungs, bladder, kidneys and many other organs. Not every smoker will get cancer but it greatly increases a person’s risk.

Exposure to certain chemicals or radiation can also increase risk of infection, this is why doctors use the lowest possible doses of radiation for x-rays and scans.

Some cancer infection is also hereditary although a little percentage.

Is cancer contagious?

No, cancer is not contagious. Unlike the flu, you can’t catch cancer from someone who has it or by being around or touching them. Instead of avoiding people with cancer infection, they need the support.

Does stress cause cancer?

No scientific evidence has shown that a person’s personality or outlook affects their cancer risk.

There are many factors to look at in the relationship between stress and cancer. It’s known that stress affects the immune system, but so do many other things. Despite many studies, a link between psychological stress and cancer has not been found.

What are the risk factors for cancer?

A risk factor is anything linked to your chance of getting a disease and that includes cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. For instance, exposing skin to strong sunlight is a risk factor for skin cancer, but it’s not linked to colon cancer. Some risk factors can actually cause cancer, while others may simply be more common in people who get cancer. For example, old age by itself doesn’t cause cancer, but it is a risk factor.

Still, risk factors don’t tell us everything. Having one risk factor, or even many, does not mean that someone will get cancer. Some people with one or more risk factors never develop the disease, while others who do develop cancer have no known risk factors. Even when a person who has a risk factor is diagnosed with cancer, there’s no way to prove that the risk factor actually caused the cancer.

There are different kinds of risk factors. Some, like a person’s age or race, can’t be changed. Others are linked to cancer-causing factors in the environment. Still others are related to personal actions, such as smoking. Some factors influence risk more than others, and a person’s risk for cancer can change over time, due to factors such as aging or lifestyle.

Risk factors for cancer

Pollution

Environmental factors can increase your risk of cancer. The air you breathe, the water you drink, and the food you eat are all important. Pollution, heavy metal toxicity, and even personal care and household cleaning products can damage the cells in your body. Your home and workplace are the two places you spend the majority of your time. Evaluating (and then reducing) the possible toxins you’re exposed to on a daily basis is a strong step to cancer prevention.

Drinking and Smoking

The combined use of alcohol and tobacco raises the risk of mouth, throat, voice box, and esophagus cancer far more than the effects of either one alone.

More than 90% of all lung cancer cases are caused by smoking and 22% of all cancer deaths are due to lung cancer resulting from smoking. Tobacco product use is the most preventable cause of cancer worldwide. Survival rates are very little.

Obesity

Obesity increases your risk of cancer as well as every other major disease or condition. It can also affect your chances of survival should you be diagnosed. In one study of post-menopausal women with breast cancer, the survival rates were higher in women who maintained a healthy body weight. Prediabetes increases your risk of cancer by 15% in addition to the risk from obesity.

Detection

You may experience no symptoms of ovarian cancer, lung cancer, or colon cancer until the cancer cells spread to other areas of your body. Early screening is imperative to catching these cancers in time.

Diet

What you eat matters and the choices you make every day can raise or lower your personal cancer risk. Although it isn’t clear why, what you eat can be linked to cancer infection. To be safe,

  • Eat a lot of fresh vegetables and fruits
  • Choose whole grains rather than refined grains and sugars
  • Limit processed meats (bacon, deli meats, and hot dogs)
  • Take plenty of water
  • Get adequate rest and regular exercise
  • Choose foods in amounts that help them get to and stay at a healthy weight

Some food destroy cancer cells like green tea, berries, turmeric, avocados, garlic, kale, and even dark chocolate are just a few that target and destroy cancer cells.

How can cancer be prevented?

Cancer looks unpreventable to many yet there is so much you can do to reduce cancer infection. What you need is good information about cancer like who is at risk, risk factors and how you can reduce them. There’s no sure way to prevent cancer, but there are things you can do to help reduce your chances of getting it.

At least half of all cancers and cancer-related deaths are preventable.

How is cancer treated?

Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation are the 3 main types of cancer treatment. A person with cancer may have any or all of these treatments. In choosing a treatment plan, the most important factors are generally the type of cancer and the stage (amount) of the cancer. Other factors to consider include the person’s overall health, the likely side effects of the treatment, and the probability of curing the cancer, controlling it to extend life, or easing symptoms.

Surgery

Surgery is often the first treatment used if the cancer can be taken out of the body. Sometimes only part of the cancer can be removed. And, sometimes there may be risks to doing surgery for a cancer diagnosis.  Radiation or chemotherapy might be used to shrink the cancer before or after surgery.

Chemotherapy

Doctors use chemotherapy or “chemo” drugs to kill cancer cells. Usually, the drugs are given intravenously (IV or into a vein) or taken as a pill by mouth. Chemo drugs travel throughout the body in the bloodstream. They can reach cancer cells that may have spread away from the tumor.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is treatment with high energy rays (such as x-rays) to kill or shrink cancer cells. The radiation may come from outside the body, called external radiation, or from radioactive materials placed right into the tumor (internal or implant radiation). Getting external radiation is a lot like getting an x-ray.

There are other types of cancer treatments. For more information and to get treated of any cancer infection, contact Medical Treatment in Germany.

 

Medical Treatment Abroad – Treatment in Germany

View of multi-ethnic diverse operating room staff doctors surgeons nurses assisting performing doing surgery surgical procedure in operating room theater sterile clean professional hospital environment as a group team together careful healthcare dressed in scrubs uniforms gowns precaution protection making incision cut blade knife surgical tools on patient

Have You Considered Medical Treatment Abroad otherwise known as Medical Tourism?

According to a disclosure by the House of Representatives, Nigerians spend over $1billion (N360billion) yearly on medical treatment abroad.

These large figures indicate you should consider medical tourism because others are using it and it is working for them.

If you or anyone you know has a chronic condition, then this is for you. We have put this article together so you can get the best information about how and where you can get the best treatment and a solution to that disturbing or threatening health challenge.

What is Medical Tourism?

Medical Tourism refers to traveling to another country for medical treatment. Medical tourists (patients who travel abroad for treatment) do so for different reasons including cheaper costs, quality, confidentiality, unavailability of a particular procedure or treatment locally and other reasons. For example, a celebrity, high profile leader or high net worth individual may not want to disclose any conditions to the public especially the press. Nobody wants to make a headline for visiting the hospital (we don’t even advise that), so they would rather go to a faraway country.

Treatments sought by medical tourists include cancer treatment, surgeries comprising dental surgery, eye surgery, cardiac surgery, heart surgery, joint replacement, cosmetic surgeries, etc.

Quality healthcare, especially for advanced cases, is no child’s play, it demands for the highest level of expertise, high-tech equipment and up-to-date advanced technology. This is the problem, while some countries have not been able to provide these, others have become attractive destinations for medical tourism and are cashing in on this big industry. Among them is Germany, one of the top destinations of medical tourism.

And because we care, we decided to assist patients who want to travel abroad for treatment but may not know how.

View of multi-ethnic diverse operating room staff doctors surgeons nurses assisting performing doing surgery surgical procedure in operating room theater sterile clean professional hospital environment as a group team together careful healthcare dressed in scrubs uniforms gowns precaution protection making incision cut blade knife surgical tools on patient

What we do

We offer high-quality healthcare for you and your loved ones including:

  • Organise customised medical treatment for you through our contact with numerous German hospitals, private clinics and German-trained doctors
  • Break down language and cultural barriers by making German medicine available to you in English through our experienced Nigerian Doctors residing and working in Germany
  • Organise everything concerning your stay in Germany; from airport pick-up to hotel transfers to hospital admission support and even sightseeing and shopping trips after treatment.

Our services

  • Healthcare diagnostics and yearly check-ups
  • Medical consultations and second opinions
  • All medical and surgical treatment
  • Fertility diagnostics and treatment
  • Cancer diagnostics and treatment
  • Weight loss surgery and complementary treatment
  • Heart surgery
  • Dental surgery
  • Other surgeries
  • Bone marrow transplants
  • Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation
  • Hotel bookings, Chauffeur services, translation services, tourism, etc.

Why patients travel to Germany for treatment

  • Innovative, high-quality medical services
  • Availability of treatments or medical services that are not available in their own countries. Germany hospitals offer comprehensive medical treatments
  • Significantly lower medical costs than in the US
  • Accessibility and shorter waiting times due to high hospital density. You don’t have to wait for months to be scheduled for surgery. This is a major concern for medical tourists
  • Privacy
  • Quality – German hospitals and medical centres are among the best in the world with state-of-the-art facilities, highly skilled doctors and nurses, and high quality care.

How to Get Medical Treatment in Germany

It’s no argument that Germany is your best destination for medical tourism, so if you decide to go for medical treatment abroad, your best option is to contact an agency that is familiar with the processes, the paper works and available hospitals and medical centres in Germany, and can easily organize your treatment for you.

We will get the details of the condition and ensure you have all necessary documents including a medical report which has your diagnosis and medical history, nature of the illness, etc.

After that we will guide you through other relevant processes till the point where you will sign pre-requisite consent and agreement forms.

Your health and safety is our priority and we make getting treatment abroad safe and easy. You will get accurate treatment from trained German doctors and other medical experts. This includes useful information about your treatment plus tips and checklists to help you through the process.

We have access to medical experts who adopt best practice and provide reassurance to patients.

Checklist before you travel for treatment abroad

  • Plan your trip so that when you return you have extra days to rest before resuming work or your normal life
  • Check to see that your passport is still valid and apply for any necessary visas. Start early
  • Get the details of the medical procedure and personnel: what is the flow of the treatment? Where will we move you to on arrival? Which of our team members will pick you up at the airport and who will be your main contact at the hospital or clinic?
  • Do not pack prescriptions, medical records and other important documents in your checked baggage because they can be temporarily delayed. Keep them close in your hand luggage
  • Check the name and basic information on your airline’s tickets to see that they match the name on your passport.
  • Consider how you will obtain cash in Germany. Advise your bank of your travel plans and keep access to more than one way of accessing money in Germany

 

For more information, contact us via:

Tel: +234 (0) 816 477 6393 (9:00am – 6:00pm)

E-mail: contact@medical-treatment-in-germany.com

We are also on social media:

Facebook: www.facebook.com/mtigermany

Instagram: mtigermany

Twitter: @M_T_I_Germany

 

Diabetes Diagnosis and Treatment

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Diabetes Diagnosis and Treatment

Diabetes is a serious disease that you cannot treat on your own, so you need a doctor to help you with a treatment plan that is right for you. Complications can be avoided with proper diabetes diagnosis and treatment.

If you are at risk of being infected with diabetes, go for a diabetes consultation for diagnoses. This may involve Blood glucose test and fasting plasma glucose.

If diabetes infection is confirmed, you need to start treatment and management straight away and do further checkups as scheduled by the specialist.  While a diabetes specialist or an endocrinologist will be responsible for your treatment other specialists, such as a dietitian, ophthalmologists, dieticians and others may be involved in the treatment process.

A consultation is beneficial for patients who are suffering from its symptoms as well as patients who have already been diagnosed with the disease and require continuous care.

Diabetes treatment depends on the type that the patient has. Sufferers of type 1 diabetes require continuous insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump as well as oral medications. Type 2 diabetes sufferers, on the other hand, primarily need lifestyle changes, monitoring of your blood sugar, along with diabetes medications, insulin or both.

However, there are some important things anyone with diabetes should pay attention to, whether it is type 1 or type 2 diabetes. They need to control their blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels.

A complete diabetes management plan will also involve:

  • Proper diet
  • Exercise
  • Diabetic eye screening
  • Regular screening for other conditions associated with diabetes
  • Good lifestyle habits, such as quitting smoking and refraining from drinking alcohol
  • Immunizations or vaccinations

Depending on what type of diabetes you have, blood sugar monitoring, insulin and oral medications may play a role in your treatment. Eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight and participating in regular activity also are important factors in managing diabetes.

Treatment for gestational diabetes

Controlling your blood sugar level is essential to keeping your baby healthy and avoiding complications during delivery. In addition to maintaining a healthy diet and exercising, your treatment plan may include monitoring your blood sugar and, in some cases, using insulin or oral medications.

Your doctor also will monitor your blood sugar level during labor. If your blood sugar rises, your baby may release high levels of insulin — which can lead to low blood sugar right after birth.

Because so many factors can affect your blood sugar, problems may sometimes arise that require immediate care, such as:

  • High blood sugar (hyperglycemia).Your blood sugar level can rise for many reasons, including eating too much, being sick or not taking enough glucose-lowering medication. Check your blood sugar level as directed by your doctor, and watch for signs and symptoms of high blood sugar — frequent urination, increased thirst, dry mouth, blurred vision, fatigue and nausea. If you have hyperglycemia, you’ll need to adjust your meal plan, medications or both.
  • Increased ketones in your urine (diabetic ketoacidosis).If your cells are starved for energy, your body may begin to break down fat. This produces toxic acids known as ketones. Watch for loss of appetite, weakness, vomiting, fever, stomach pain and a sweet, fruity breath.

You can check your urine for excess ketones with an over-the-counter ketones test kit. If you have excess ketones in your urine, consult your doctor right away or seek emergency care. This condition is more common in people with type 1 diabetes.

  • Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome.Signs and symptoms of this life-threatening condition include a blood sugar reading over 600 mg/dL (33.3 mmol/L), dry mouth, extreme thirst, fever, drowsiness, confusion, vision loss and hallucinations. Hyperosmolar syndrome is caused by sky-high blood sugar that turns blood thick and syrupy.

It is seen in people with type 2 diabetes, and it’s often preceded by an illness. Call your doctor or seek immediate medical care if you have signs or symptoms of this condition.

  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).If your blood sugar level drops below your target range, it’s known as low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). If you’re taking medication that lowers your blood sugar, including insulin, your blood sugar level can drop for many reasons, including skipping a meal and getting more physical activity than normal. Low blood sugar also occurs if you take too much insulin or an excess of a glucose-lowering medication that promotes the secretion of insulin by your pancreas.

Check your blood sugar level regularly, and watch for signs and symptoms of low blood sugar — sweating, shakiness, weakness, hunger, dizziness, headache, blurred vision, heart palpitations, irritability, slurred speech, drowsiness, confusion, fainting and seizures. Low blood sugar is treated with quickly absorbed carbohydrates, such as fruit juice or glucose tablets.

Treatment for diabetes requires keeping close watch over your blood sugar levels (and keeping them at a goal set by your doctor) with a combination of medicationsexercise, and diet. If neglected, diabetes can lead to various complications such as blindness, heart disease, kidney damage, stroke, loss of limb, nerve damage, hypoglycemia (drastic reduction in glucose levels), etc.

Doctors will use several different tests, combine the results of those tests, and determine if a person has diabetes. The first, and simplest test, is the fasting blood sugar test. A small blood sample will be taken at the lab after the patient has had nothing to eat or drink after midnight. Normal blood sugar is between 70-110; considered borderline to 135 and high over 140.

How Do You Know If You Have Diabetes?

Your doctor may suspect you have diabetes if you have some risk factors for the disease or if you have high levels of blood sugar in your urine. Your blood sugar (also called blood glucose) levels may be high if your pancreas is producing little or no insulin (type 1 diabetes), or if the body is not responding normally to insulin (type 2 diabetes).

Getting diagnosed begins with one of three tests. in most cases, your doctor will want to repeat a test that is high in order to confirm the diagnosis:

  • fasting glucose test is a test of your blood sugar levels taken in the morning before you have eaten. A level of 126 mg/dL or higher may mean that you have diabetes.
  • An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) entails drinking a beverage containing glucose and then having your blood glucose levels checked every 30 to 60 minutes for up to 3 hours. If the glucose level is 200 mg/dL or higher at 2 hours, then you might have diabetes.
  • The A1c test  is a simple blood test that shows your average blood sugar levels for the past 2-3 months. An A1c level of 6.5% or higher may mean you have diabetes.

Your doctor may also suggest a zinc transporter 8 autoantibody (ZnT8Ab) test. This blood test — along with other information and test results — can help determine if a person has type 1 diabetes instead of another type. The goal of having the ZnT8Ab test is a prompt and accurate diagnosis and that can lead to timely treatment.

A part of this article was curated from Mayo Clinic and West Texas ADRC

For treatment of diabetes, cancer, infertility, complex surgery, treatment of other diseases or general medical tourism, contact Medical Treatment in Germany – MTIG. You can improve your health by joining other Nigerians travelling to Germany for quality treatment abroad.

Let’s hear from you! It’s easy, just click here.

Diabetes – What You Need to Know

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How much do you know about diabetes? Are you aware of Diabetes symptoms, causes and treatment? According to a WHO report, diabetes caused 4 million deaths in 2017, many of which were preventable.

This alarming report shows that diabetes concerns everyone. Diabetes is deadly and has caused some harrowing effects in some families; therefore, you cannot afford to treat it with levity. The shocking thing is that it has caught many people unawares but that does not have to be the case if you are well informed about it. In fact, all families are potentially affected by diabetes and so awareness of the signs, symptoms and risk factors for all types of diabetes are vital to help detect it early.

Diabetics face significant long-term disabilities and complications if they don’t keep their blood glucose under control. You don’t have to panic about possibly being infected with the disease now or in the future, you just need to be informed, know the symptoms, do the necessary checks and take appropriate actions.

What exactly is Diabetes?

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Diabetes also known as diabetes mellitus is a medical condition in which the body produces insufficient insulin, a hormone that keeps the blood sugar level balanced, or the body does not respond properly to insulin, resulting in a high amount of sugar in the blood. Due to its harmful and potentially lasting effects on the body, the disease requires continuous management all throughout the patient’s life otherwise the disease could lead to serious consequences including death.

Diabetes is a growing problem in Nigeria and across the world and the number one cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD), a condition where the body is unable to automatically regulate blood glucose levels, resulting in too much glucose in the blood.

Although some people may have blood sugar levels that are slightly higher than normal, it has to reach a certain level for it to be considered diabetes.

Types of Diabetes

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There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. There is another type of diabetes known as gestational diabetes which occurs during pregnancy, especially at the trimester. It develops when a woman’s blood glucose levels soar during pregnancy, so the insulin produced by the body becomes inadequate.

Pregnant diabetic patients are at a high risk of passing on some health problems to their unborn child. This is why pregnant diabetics should work closely with their healthcare providers to keep their blood glucose levels balanced.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system overreacts. In this case, the body itself attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas; therefore, the body can only produce little or no insulin. Due to this, people with type 1 diabetes ;are insulin-dependent and require an artificial supply of insulin all throughout their lives. They also need to constantly monitor their blood glucose levels to keep it as balanced as possible. These people are in need of daily injections of insulin to live.

Type 2 diabetes develops when the body is able to produce insulin but it is not enough and when the cells of the body do not react to the insulin produced. The latter is called insulin-resistance. However, since insulin is still produced, the effects of this type are less severe and can easily be managed. This, however, does not mean that the patient does not require medical attention.

Type 2 Diabetes is more common than Type 1 Diabetes and it is linked to obesity. An obese person has the tendency to have excessively high blood glucose levels that even when the body is producing insulin, it is simply not enough to break the blood glucose down but it is largely preventable through regular physical activity, a healthy and balanced diet, and other factors.

Causes of Diabetes

Glucose is the fuel our bodies run on and most food processed through our bodies is broken down by digestive juices into glucose. Diabetes is usually caused by a problem in the pancreas, a small gland which is responsible for producing insulin.  The food we consume is processed and the pancreas is supposed to produce the right amount of glucose from our blood automatically and release the right amount of insulin into our blood.

Insulin is responsible for breaking down glucose from food and turn it into energy and if the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it produces does not function well, the body is unable to turn glucose into energy, causing the glucose to stay in the blood, pushing blood sugar levels to soar.

The main danger of diabetes lies in the seriousness of complications and permanent damage that may occur due to elevated glucose levels. These complications include:

  • Eye damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Nerve problems
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Hypertension
  • Limb amputations

Diabetes Symptoms

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Many people ignore or do not recognize diabetes symptoms because they assume they are not just feeling well; however, you shouldn’t ignore diabetes symptoms because some if they develop can lead to amputation of the limbs, blindness or even death.

The primary symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Feeling thirsty abnormally
  • Blurry vision
  • More frequent urination, especially during nighttime
  • Consistent feeling of hunger
  • Itching
  • Recurrent thrush
  • Delayed healing of wounds or cuts
  • Leg cramping
  • Loss of muscle mass

The extra stress of diabetes can lead to something called diabetic ketoacidosis. Symptoms of ketoacidosis may include nausea and vomiting, which may also lead to dehydration and serious problems with the blood levels of potassium. This could lead to a diabetic coma and ultimately death.

People with diabetes experience unexplained weight loss. This is due to excess urination. They lose sugar and water in their urine which also contributes to the weight loss.

One of the hardest symptoms of cancer to deal with is poor or slow wound healing. Wounds may not even heal for diabetics and can lead to loss of the limbs.

Diabetes in Children

Diabetes in children is also known as juvenile diabetes. It is the most common form of diabetes in children and more commonly known as type 1 diabetes.

Juvenile diabetes is caused by the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin and the symptoms for juvenile diabetes are the same as in adults, including: fatigue, frequent urination, weight loss, exhaustion, blurry vision, pains, etc.

Diabetes Risk Factors

  • disease in the pancreas
  • being obese or overweight;
  • family history of the disease
  • hypertension
  • high cholesterol
  • polycystic ovary syndrome
  • triglyceride levels that are 250 or greater

For treatment of diabetes, cancer, infertility, complex surgery, treatment of other diseases or general medical tourism, contact Medical Treatment in Germany – MTIG. You can improve your health by joining other Nigerians travelling to Germany for quality treatment abroad.

Let’s hear from you! It’s easy, just click here.

 

Breast Cancer Report – 50% of Nigerian Women Have Breast Cancer

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Breast Cancer Facts

According to a report by the News Agency of Nigeria, NAN, a chief medical doctor (CMD), during an interview with the agency, revealed that about 50% of Nigerian women are living with unknown breast cancer.

The CMD also listed breast cancer symptoms like nipple retraction, nipple discharge, thickening of the breast, etc. and advised women to always go for monthly check-ups to ensure that early stages of breast cancer could be revealed and cured immediately. According to him, the first stage of breast cancer was highly treatable.

Going by the statistics and information above, how safe are you, when was the last time you went for a test and how seriously are you taking the breast cancer issue? Are you aware that breast cancer affects and kills more women than any other type of cancer?

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Breast cancer is serious; it hurts and does not discriminate. It takes no cognizance of age, status, geography, race or religion; unfortunately, so many women are uninformed and treat breast cancer with levity.

The bad thing about breast cancer is that it can get acute to the point of the patient losing her life and while there are survivor stories, some have not been so lucky to survive from the disease. It is important to note, however, that survival depends on factors like early detection and quality treatment.

Regardless of your age, it is important that you have a checkup early and regularly to know your risk and avoid surprises or complications. So, if you have not had a mammogram, don’t miss it again. Schedule for one right away and get to know your true state. And mammograms are nothing to be scared about, they are safe and do more good than harm. Take charge of your health and schedule for one today.

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If you have been diagnosed with breast cancer disease, you have an option to conquer it with quality treatment (contact us for more information).

Breast cancer is deadly and even a month’s awareness is not enough; besides, it affects people anytime beyond October and we cannot talk about it only once a year, that is why we need you to join us in building awareness and also helping patients get quality treatment abroad.

Share this article on social media, whatsapp and other channels. Invite someone to read it and if you know anyone who actually needs quality and effective palliative breast cancer treatment, we would be glad to help. Reach us via contact@medical-treatment-in-germany.com
We can’t wait to hear from you if you need treatment too. Until then, stay healthy and cancer free!
We are Medical Treatment in Germany – health care facilitators residing in Germany and Nigeria. We facilitate quality, affordable and convenient treatment in Germany.

Breast Cancer Myths and Facts

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Common Breast Cancer Myths and Misconceptions

Do antiperspirants and deodorants, bras and family history really cause breast cancer or are these just rumours and breast cancer myths?

Apart from the alarming statistics of Nigerian women that may be suffering from breast cancer another cause for concern is the myriad of myths that pervade as the cause of breast cancer. There are different persistent rumors, especially on the internet, about potential causes of breast cancer and while it is essential to prevent the disease or reduce your risk every way you can, it is also important to be properly informed and not go about living with fear and assumptions.

Wrong ideas about breast cancer can lead to needless worry and even hinder good prevention and treatment decisions. This article provides the facts vis-à-vis some common cancer myths and misconceptions. Below are some breast cancer myths and facts.

Deodorants and Antiperspirants Cause Breast Cancer

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Fact: Despite several rumors, especially on the internet that antiperspirants and deodorants cause breast cancer due to aluminum exposure, there is no scientific evidence to support the claim that deodorants and antiperspirants cause breast cancer. Experts have refuted this claim because there is no research to prove it is true. Some even suggest that you should not use antiperspirant before you go for a mammogram.

Although some antiperspirants or deodorants have substance that can show up during a mammogram, that does not make them harmful. So, relax if you are considering not using your favourite deodorant again.

Men do not get breast cancer, only women do

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Fact: This is one of the most common breast cancer myths. On the contrary, both women and men can be diagnosed with breast cancer. Men can be affected with breast cancer because they also have breast tissues.

While it is rare and about 100 times more common among women than among, men should also do breast self-exams periodically and report anything unusual with their doctors.

Men even have a higher mortality rate than women because the awareness is low and they are less likely to relate a lump or other changes to breast cancer. This can cause delay in seeking for help or treatment.

You have no control over breast cancer and there is nothing you can do to reduce your risk of infection

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Fact: Your lifestyle and environmental factors can have an impact on breast cancer risk. To keep your risk at the barest minimum, exercise regularly and stop or cut down drastically on alcohol consumption or eliminate it completely.

I am fine, once I can do my breast self-examination

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Fact: While it is good to examine your breasts monthly and feel for lumps and changes, mammograms are the safest and surest ways in detecting breast cancer early.

Drinking milk or dairy causes breast cancer

Fact: Despite several myths about the correlation between dairy intake and the increased risk of breast cancer, studies have proven that dairy consumption does not increase the risk of breast cancer.

A lump in your breast means you have breast cancer

Fact: Although finding a lump in your breast can be a symptom of breast cancer not every lump is an indication of a breast cancer, so no need to panic if you find one there. A lump which is a sign will often be accompanied by other symptoms like pain, swelling, hurting nipples, etc.

If you notice a lump or changes in your breast(s), visit a doctor so you can be sure and be safe. Take charge of your health by performing routine breast self-examinations and going for regular mammogram.

Mammogram Myths
There are two popular mammogram-centered myths. One is that regular mammograms prevent breast cancer. Another is that mammogram can cause breast cancer to spread.

Fact: Although a mammogram or x-ray of the chest is the acclaimed method for spotting breast cancer, that is as far as it can offer. Mammograms do not prevent breast cancer but they can save lives by spotting breast cancer as early as possible even before symptoms show up.

Although it can be uncomfortable and involves exposure to radiation, the exposure is extremely small and nothing to be alarmed about.

Breast cancer is hereditary – if you have a family history of breast cancer you are likely to develop to develop breast cancer too

Fact: While family history may play a part, it is very minimal, lifestyle and environmental factors are prevalent causes of breast cancer. Most women who get breast cancer don’t have a family history or any known risk factor.

Based on this myth, some also assume that since no one in their family has been diagnosed with breast cancer, they won’t get it either. If you have a family history of breast cancer, it is noteworthy to consult your doctor. Go for screening whether or not you have a family history.

Breast cancer is contagious

Fact: Many people believe that breast cancer is contagious but it is not. Breast cancer is not contagious. You cannot contact breast cancer from or transfer it to someone else; however, you can reduce your risk by practicing a healthy lifestyle, being aware of the risk factors and following an early detection plan in case breast cancer was to occur.

Bras cause breast cancer

Fact: Wearing a bra or an underwire bra does not cause breast cancer. This is a mere rumour with no study validating the link between wearing a bra and breast cancer.

There you have it, common breast cancer myths and breast cancer facts. For other general information about breast cancer, read what you need to know about breast cancer and where to get treatment.

Breast Cancer: What You Need to Know and Where to Get Treatment

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Breast Cancer Awareness, Symptoms and Treatment 

Breast Cancer Awareness – All over the world, October is dedicated to talking about and raising awareness about breast cancer – its causes, symptoms, prevention and cure.

Breast Cancer Awareness Background with Pink Ribbon. October is month of Breast Cancer Awareness in the world.

What do you know about breast cancer and what are the things you need to know about this disease? Of all cancer cases which affect women, breast cancer is the most prevalent and according to a WHO report, it is the most common cancer in women both in the developed and less developed world. It is estimated that worldwide over 508 000 women died in 2011 due to breast cancer (Global Health Estimates, WHO 2013).

Breast cancer is a disease which affects the tissues of the breast. It is the most common invasive cancer in women and is caused by a genetic abnormality. However, only about 5-10% of breast cancer is actually hereditary; other factors like alcohol intake can be responsible.

There are two main types of breast cancer, the more common form of breast cancer is one which develops in the lobules where the milk ducts are and are the glands that produce the milk while the less common form develops in the stromal tissue which makes up the more fatty fibrous tissue of the breast.

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Breast Cancer Risk Factors

Below are some of the risk factors of breast cancer

Age

The risk increases with age and the older one gets, the higher the risk. The majority of the time the genetic abnormality leading to breast cancer is due to the aging process. Just general wear and tear of life causes the cells to mutate.

Lack of exercise

People who exercise regularly tend to be healthier and are more likely to maintain a healthy weight. Exercise consumes and controls blood sugar and limits blood levels of insulin growth factor, a hormone that can affect how breast cells grow and behave. It limits breast cancer risk.

Alcohol consumption

Studies have shown that women with high level of alcohol consumption are at risk compared to women who don’t drink at all. Research consistently shows that drinking alcohol can increase levels of estrogen and other hormones associated with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer.

Eating unhealthy food

Naturally, you should eat healthy and once there is a malnutrition it can affect ones body. No food or diet can prevent you from getting breast cancer but some foods can make your body healthy and highly reduce breast cancer risks. Eat vegetables and fruits and avoid food grown with pesticides.

Being overweight

This is also affected by your diet. Overweight and obese women having a BMI (body mass index) over 25 have a higher risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer compared to women who maintain a healthy weight, especially after menopause. Being overweight also can increase the risk of the breast cancer coming back (recurrence) in women who have had the disease.

Estrogen exposure

Women who are exposed to estrogen for a longer period may be at risk of breast cancer. This could be due to starting periods earlier or entering menopause later than average. Between these times, estrogen levels are higher.

Using hormone treatments

The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and oral birth control pills have been linked to breast cancer, due to increased levels of estrogen. Because the female hormone estrogen stimulates breast cell growth, exposure to estrogen over long periods of time, without any breaks, can increase the risk of breast cancer.

Radiation exposure                                                                                                                                                      Undergoing radiation treatment for a cancer that is not breast cancer increases the risk of breast cancer later in life.

A history of breast cancer or breast lumps

Women who have had breast cancer before are more likely to have it again, compared with those who have no history of the disease.

Limiting Breast Cancer Risks

You can actually limit your risk of getting breast cancer just by doing a few things to keep yourself healthy, things like exercising regularly, limiting or cutting off alcohol consumption, not smoking, There is however no guarantee you will not get breast cancer if you do all these but it is a good step to limiting your risk.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

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Below are some common breast symptoms

Thickened Tissue in the Breast

This is usually the first symptom of breast cancer apart from a lump in the breast. If the skin of your breast starts to feel thicker like an orange peel or becomes scaly, visit your doctor right away.

Pain

Although most breast cancers do not cause pain in the breast, some do. Some breast pains are linked to the menstrual cycle, so pay extra attention if you notice any pain around the breast region that does not change with the monthly cycle. You may need to see a doctor.

Change in shape

Look out for a change in the size or shape of your breast. Can you see any change in size or shape? For example, one breast might become larger or lower than the other.

Lump in the breast

A lump or mass in the breast can be one of the first signs of breast cancer. Such lumps are often hard and painless, though some may be painful.

Some lumps are not cancerous, but if you notice one, you should have your breast checked to avoid further complications. Touch your breasts often to see if you feel anything. Some breasts may be felt but not seen.

Swelling in or around your breast or armpit

Swelling or lumps around your breast or armpits can be caused by breast cancer that has spread to lymph nodes in those areas.

Warmth and itching

Warmth and itching around the breast may be symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer. Ensure you see your doctor.

Changes in the Nipple

Breast cancer can sometimes change how your nipple looks, so if you notice any changes like redness of the nipple, inverted nipple, scaling or rashes, see your doctor immediately.

Discharge from the Nipple

See your doctor if you also notice a discharge other than milk from either of your nipples.

Having any of the symptoms above does not mean you have cancer but it is safer to go for a check once you notice any because the earlier breast cancer is diagnosed, the better the chance of successful treatment. So it’s important to check your breasts regularly and visit your doctor if you spot any changes.

Get to know your breast and check the entire breast area including your armpit region. Touch, feel and look at them to spot any changes.

Early Detection of Breast Cancer

Part of the way you can help in the fight against breast cancer is early detection. Doing monthly self-breast exams is key but it is not a substitute for mammograms which can help find breast cancer in its early stages, even before any symptoms appear, so make sure you get a one at least once a year as a safety measure.  Early detection also gives you a better chance of successful treatment.

How You Can Benefit from a Mammogram

A mammogram is a breast x-ray. During the procedure, your breasts will be placed one at a time on the x-ray machine. The breast will be pressed down firmly on the surface by a clear plate. At least two pictures of each breast will be taken, one from top to bottom and then a second from side to side to also include the part of your breast that extends into your armpit. You may find it uncomfortable but it only takes a few seconds and the compression doesn’t harm the breasts.

Mammograms have the ability to check the breast for any sign of disease. A lump can be seen on a mammogram before it can even be felt during a self-exam. And since we know early detection saves lives when it comes to cancer, this is a great early detector that saves lives.

Mammograms are not often used in women under 40. Some people worry about the amount of radiation used in mammograms. Mammograms deliver a very low dose of radiation.

A mammogram is nothing to be afraid of. It is no worse than any other health procedure you have to undergo to ensure you’re healthy.

What to expect out of a mammogram

To help ease your fears about mammograms, here’s what you can expect when you go for one. This is one of the most important tools doctors have for screening people for breast cancer and helping in determining a diagnosis and treatment plan, so to help you ease the fears, here’s what to expect:

·         You will receive a gown or wrapper and be asked to remove all your clothing from the waist up.

·         You will stand in front of a special x-ray machine that has a plate on it.

·         A technician will place one of your breasts on the plate and raise or lower the platform to match your height.

·         The technician will then have you position your arms, head, and torso in such a way that it will not interfere with the test itself.

·         Your breast is then gently pressed down by a large plastic plate.

·         You will feel pressure for a few seconds as the breast tissue is spread out to take an image of the breast. This might cause some discomfort, but it’s not harming you. If it becomes too unbearable, tell the technician. However, this is needed in order to flatten out and even the thickness of the breast tissue to get a better image of the breast.

·         Then the same procedure will be repeated for the second breast.

·         You might be asked to wait after it’s all done for them to review the images to make sure they are clear. If they are not they might have to repeat the process.

·         It usually takes less than 20 minutes to complete the whole process and you are free to resume normal activity once it is complete.

While mammograms can’t actually diagnose cancer, they can alert us to problems with the breast which lead to further testing or it reveals that a biopsy needs to be done. It will show doctors exactly where they need to do the biopsy as well. Other tests you can run to for early detection include ultrasound scan, core biopsy and fine needle aspiration (FNA).

 Breast Cancer Treatment and How to Get One

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Are you suffering from breast cancer? Then you should start treating it right away. We can easily help you arrange for quality treatment at centres with full expertise and capacity.

The following treatments and procedures are available: investigation, surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiation therapy depending on the diagnosis, cancer stage and your schedule.

Contact Medical Treatment in Germany (MTIG) to get the best cancer treatment abroad.

What are your views or experiences of breast cancer? Let’s hear from you! If you have battled breast cancer before, you can share your story with us. We will share it on our social media platforms in this month of awareness.

 

Arthritis – When Do You Need Surgery?

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Arthritis is usually a chronic condition that affects the joints and other parts of the body causing pains which are impossible to ignore.

Arthritis can lead to disability and thoughts of surgery often come to the mind of some patients who have been diagnosed with it. Yes, some patients must undergo surgery, but it is not usually the case because it is possible to treat and manage the symptoms of arthritis, such as joint pain, swelling and difficulty moving, without surgery.

When is surgery considered an option? 

But surgery may be the solution to lessen chronic or unbearable pain and other problems associated with arthritis. When the pain is so severe that over-the-counter and prescription pain relievers like rest, heat and cold treatments, exercise, splints, and medication do not work, surgery may be the last resort.

Overtime, our bodies get used to the pain relievers we ingest and the drugs that once provided you with relief, may no longer do so.  If and when that point arrives, speak to your doctor about prescribed medications.  He or she will likely want to try those first before opting for surgery.

Joint surgery can offer several benefits, including relief of pain which is the most important benefit.

Another reason for surgery can be joint damage.  The elderly and those who let their arthritis go untreated are susceptible to joint damage. This includes deformities.  For example, a patient with severe rheumatoid arthritis may have bent out of shape fingers.  This not only looks different, but it is excruciating in terms of pain.  Surgery can be used to correct these deformities and other severe joint damage.

The main types of surgeries are arthroscopy, arthrodesis and joint replacement surgeries.

 

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Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery and a great alternative to open surgery. It is a surgical procedure used by doctors to observe, diagnose, and decide the course of treatment. It can also be used to perform small surgeries.

A small incision is made in the skin, then a thin viewing instrument, known as an arthroscope is inserted into the painful joint.

Arthroscopy has many benefits, including less pain, lower costs and less hospitalization, so if you need surgery, an arthroscopy as a good option. Most often, it’s done on the shoulder, elbow, wrist, knee, shoulder or hip.

Arthrodesis is another type of surgery but it is very rare, as there is a high risk of complications, which may even lead to permanent disability.  So, why is it offered then?  Because it is the only hope of pain relief for some individuals who have unmanageable pain and swelling.  These individuals have a diseased joint that cannot be fixed any other way.

Arthrodesis involves fusing two bones into a joint, a process which prevents joint movement.  For many, this is a last and only resort.

Joint replacement surgeries are common with the shoulders, knees, and hips.  With joint replacement surgeries, the ends of nearby bones are replaced.  This results in new joint surfaces.  It will take time and physical therapy but most patients experience a reduction and pain and an increase in mobility.  For the fingers and toes, joint replacement is less common surgeons opt for the fusion of smaller joints, as opposed to total replacement.

Have you been diagnosed with arthritis?  When were you diagnosed and how severe is it?  The earlier osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are diagnosed, the easier it is to treat without surgery.

As for the treatment, remember that surgery is only used as a last resort. The decision to have a surgery is a major one and should not be made quickly or without any concrete reason. Should you decide to have a surgery, we can help you facilitate it in Germany.

Germany has become a haven for many Nigerians seeking quality medical tourism. There, you will find experts and specialists for arthritis surgery. Are you ready for a surgery? Then contact us. We also facilitate treatment for cancer.